In everyday life we very often come acrosswith the possibility of injury: we cut food in the kitchen, we pile firewood at the dacha, we work with tools. And accordingly, we are not immune from the troubles associated with this kind of activity. What to do with bleeding, and what they are. This will be discussed in this article.
Bleeding by type
Let's start with the fact that the wounds are different: chipped, cut, torn, chopped and so on. Also, wounds can be in the cavities: the abdominal, thoracic, skull, joints. Such wounds are called penetrating wounds. Stab wounds, such as from a nail, knife, are dangerous for the possibility of damage to the organs (heart, lungs, stomach, intestines, etc.). Chopped wounds, such as an ax blow, can be of different depths and, depending on the strength, can be associated with injuries to bones and muscles. The bruised (falling on a stone or asphalt), as a rule, do not look frightening, represent uneven bloody edges in which the infection can get because of the large area of damage. Cut wounds bleed the most, but in fact, they represent the least danger, since other tissues and organs are not affected.
You need to know what a person can bearloss of blood to 500ml without consequences. However, if a person loses about 1000 ml, his life is in serious danger, and if he loses 2000ml, then without immediate blood transfusion he will die.
- The most dangerous arterial bleeding. Scarlet blood pulsating waves in time with the heart will quickly begin to leave the body. The minutes and the person are dead. In this situation, it is necessary to apply a tourniquet above the wound for a short time - 1.5-2 hours. After that, the tissues will begin to die, therefore in this period the victim should be provided with qualified assistance.
- Venous bleeding is much less dangerous. Stop blood in this case will help pressing the wound.
- Capillary bleeding occurs when smallblood vessels with abrasions and superficial wounds. Bleeding easily stops with a simple sterile dressing, and since most people have normal blood coagulation, it is likely that bleeding will stop even without it.
- Internal bleeding presents a particular difficulty, sincehow to stop it is almost impossible. The victim will have weakness, pallor of the face, ringing in the ears, rapid breathing, cold sweat. Thus immediately it is necessary to carry the victim to the hospital.
Bleeding from the nose: what to do?
It's not dangerous, but really unpleasant. The victim should be seated, the head should be in an upright position. The nose should be squeezed for a couple of minutes, put tampons in your nose and apply cold on the nose area.
We hope that our advice will help you to provide yourself or others first aid before the doctors arrive, it is quite possible that your actions will save someone's life.