Sociology refers to the science of society, the laws of its development and functioning, systems and social institutions. To date, the concept has expanded and accommodates many individual teachings.
In this article, we will describe in detail what sociology means and what sociologists do.
In literal translation from the Greek languagesociology means "the science of society." She studies the internal mechanisms of the functioning of society, as well as its individual structures, which may include specific social structures, organizations, institutions and groups.
Sociology is also studying the features of socialbehavior of people, as well as the relationship of the individual with society. More information about what is the subject of this science, you can read in our article What sociology studies.
Types of Sociology
There are three main types of sociology:
Theoretical sociology is based on scientificThe study of society for mastering theoretical knowledge. However, without empirical sociology this species does not have sufficient grounds. Empirical sociology is engaged in research, which is based on the processing and analysis of sociological information. This species is also called sociography, emphasizing the descriptive nature of this section of science. The latter kind is applied sociology, the rest is based on practice. He applies already received sociological information to solve serious social problems and issues.
What kind of profession is sociologist?
Sociologists, by their nature of their activities, divide scienceon macro- and microsociology. Thus, the first kind, as it follows from the name, studies the social processes of the whole society as a whole, whereas the subject of microsociology is the small social systems and relationships of individual people.
In addition, a sociologist can engage in specificthe level of sociology - the upper, middle or lower. In the upper level, his activity concerns general sociological knowledge, on the average - special and branch theories, and in the lower level - certain sociological studies.
It is important to note that the average level, in itsthe queue is divided into separate branches. Thus, a sociologist can cover the sphere of politics, culture, economics, law, etc. The subject of his research can also be specific groups of society - the family, the youth, the elderly. Sometimes sociologists rely on the study of individuals and their relationship with society.