People who are beginning to learn foreign languages,often wondering how to read transcription in English. In the school curriculum or special language course program, one or more special lessons are devoted to this question.

The following explains how to read the transcriptions of English consonants and vowels.

Basic rules of reading transcription

Transcription is reproduced usingspecial characters. Thanks to it it becomes clear how a certain word is read in any language. Using transcription, it will be faster to learn the pronunciation and learn the language - more on this in our article How to read English words.

Transcription is given opposite each word in thedictionary of the Anglo-Russian language. Beginning to learn to read the transcription of English words is necessary with the study of signs that convey the phonetic sound of letters in words.

Vowel sounds

Vowel sounds in English transcriptions are transmitted by the following signs:

  • [a:] - reads like a long sound "a";
  • [æ] - pronounced as the mean between "a" and "e";
  • [i:] - long sound "and";
  • [i] - short "and";
  • [e] and [ə] - is read as "e";
  • [ɔ] - is pronounced with a short "o";
  • [ə:] and [з] - a sound close to the Russian "e";
  • [ʌ] - corresponds to a short "a";
  • [u] and [u:] - respectively short and long "y";
  • [ai], [ei], [ɔi], [au], [əu], [iə], [uə], [ɛə] - correspond to the sounds "ay", "her", "oh", "ay" "Ay", "oy", "ue", "ue", "ea".

Consonant Sounds

  • [l] - "l";
  • [p] - "n";
  • [b] - "b";
  • [t] - "t";
  • [d] - "d";
  • [m] - "m";
  • [k] - "k";
  • [g] - "g";
  • [n] - "n";
  • [ʃ] - "w";
  • [f] - "f";
  • [v] - "in";
  • [s] - "c";
  • [z] - "z";
  • [ʒ] - "w";
  • [tʃ] - "h";
  • [dʒ] - "j";
  • [r] - "p";
  • [h] - "x";
  • [j] - "i";
  • [ju:] - "yu";
  • [jе] - "e";
  • [jз] - "e";
  • [jʌ] - "I";
  • [w] - "in";
  • [ŋ] - nasal sound "n";
  • [θ] is the sound, the average between "c" and "f";
  • [ð] is the average sound between "z" and "c".

An apostrophe in English transcription indicates the syllable to which accent falls.

Remembering these signs, you will understand how to readtranscription in English. If even with transcription there are difficulties in learning this language, it will be useful to read our article. How to learn to read in English.

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