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The Christian fast is spiritual and physicalabstinence, this is a serious test for a person. Four multi-day fasts are held before the great Christian holidays, so that people spiritually and physically prepared for them, become cleaner, renewed, as nature does four times a year. This will give an opportunity to feel all the greatness of the holidays.
During the year the Orthodox have 4 calendar posts:
- Great post. It lasts 49 days before Easter.
- Petrov Post. It begins on the 58th day after Easter and ends on July 12 - the Day of the First-Great Peter and Paul.
- Assumption fast - since August 14. He ends August 28 - the feast of the Assumption of the Mother of God.
- Christmas post. It lasts 40 days before Christ - from November 28 to January 6. January 7 - Christmas.
The Christian is due to fast on the Epiphany on January 18 and on the day of the Beheading of John the Baptist - September 11th.
In addition to four calendar posts, Orthodoxadhere to weekly posts - on Wednesday and Friday. Why these days? On Wednesday - Christ was betrayed by his disciple Judas, and on Friday - crucified on the cross. Exceptions are Wednesdays and Fridays in continuous Orthodox week and Christmas time from January 7-18. In total, during the year the Orthodox fast about 220 days.
What you can not eat in the post
In fasting, eating is limitedanimal origin: meat, milk, eggs and any products made with data. It must be remembered that only abstinence from eating certain foods without prayers, restrictions in fun is not a fast. Everything should be in unity. Only then the true believer, indeed, fasts. We must remember that the main thing in fasting is repentance, humility, the memory of the Lord, abstention from rude words, correct behavior, help to those in need.
What you can eat in the post
Fasting is used in fasting. This food is cooked without use
Of course, today the menu of lean food is very diverse. However, it was not always the case. There was not much prepared for the fast.
Here are the obligatory dishes that are desirable to have in the post on the table, the recipes of which have come down to us from ancient times.
- Tyurya. It's just cold salted water, in which are added slices of bread and onions. This dish was set psychologically on the post, it symbolized the rejection of pleasure, asceticism during fasting.
- A vole is a liquid soup. It was prepared from fermented rye flour, adding mushrooms, onions.
Today such first dishes can even cause bewilderment. But this is how our forefathers fasted, so true believers today fast.
- Kashi. For a long time the porridge was a favorite dish of the Orthodox. Even among the people, they wrote a proverb: "Porridge is our mother". What kind of cereals did not cook in Russia: buckwheat, pea, carrot, porridge from turnips and pumpkin. Porridge is boiled on the water, adding, when allowed, sunflower or hemp oil.
- Sochi. It is prepared on the last day of the Christmas Eve - on Christmas Eve. This is also porridge, but from wheat grains. For 1 glass of grains add 100 g. Of poppy, 1-3 tablespoons of honey, 100 g of walnuts. You can cook ostrovo with rice.
- Solodukha. This is a very popular and useful dish. Prepare it from sprouted grains of wheat or rye. It is necessary to take 250 g of flour from sprouted grains, 50 g of honey and 10 grams of leaven. The flour is stirred in hot water to a very liquid state, then allowed to cool and honey is added with the leaven. Allowed to wander for 10-12 hours, then put in a warm oven
at night. Three times take out the pots with malt, putting them in the snow or in cold water and again put in the oven. The process, as you can see, is long. Today, malt house can be bought in stores.
- Kulagas - this dish is something like a malt house, butadd here boiled mashed potatoes. The dish is prepared very long - almost a day. It must be constantly stirred. There is a gradual process of converting starch into glucose.
- Tolokno - it was prepared from roasted oats,which then pushed - hence the name. This is a porridge in which you can add frozen berries, dried fruits, honey. Cook porridge on milk based on a glass of milk - 1-2 tablespoons of oatmeal.
In the post they always baked pies in Russia from lean dough, that is, in which eggs and milk were not added. And the filling was very diverse: berries, mushrooms, cabbage, pumpkin and much more.
During Lent, during Lent, you can eat butter, caviar, fish and drink wine:
- Annunciation - on April 7 (old style on March 25);
- Lazarev Saturday - the sixth Saturday of fasting (you can not fish, only caviar);
- Palm Sunday is the last Sunday before Easter.
Who can not fast?
Yes, the church allows some people to do this, taking care of their health. They can not only eat lean food in fasting. But this relaxation concerns
- pregnant women and children (in Russia children were allowed to fast only in the first and last week of fasting);
- elderly and sick people.
Information on nutrition in the post can be found in the articles of our website:
- Dishes in the post
- What you can eat in Christmas
- How to keep a post