Spain is rich in unique directors, but veryfew of them find their response in the international film market. One of the most famous is Pedro Almodóvar. His works are recognized as masterpieces of the world cinema, critics and spectators.
In part, his success is the result of establishedcircumstances. Almodovar began to shoot in the period of post-Francoist emancipation and the development of the countercultural movement "movid." At the same time, he created, together with his brother, the production company El Deseo, ensuring independence from the Spanish film industry and the opportunity to develop his unique voice and provocative foreshortenings.
Almodovar took dozens of films and was awardedthe most prestigious national and international film awards. He does not have ideal heroes, but they are all unique and full of feelings. The director leads them through the labyrinths of exotic passions and raises common human themes, speaking in a language that is understandable throughout the world.
In this list, the twelve most important works,reflecting the technical, cultural and personal orientations of the Spanish filmmaker. We propose to make sure how beautiful and interesting the world of Almodovar's films is from bold and provocative comedies to serious deep dramas.
Tie me in! /? Atame! (1990)
Ricky (Antonio Banderas) leaves psychiatricclinic and goes in search of the former porn star of Marina (Victoria Abril). He kidnaps her and keeps her bound, but as a result, the heroine falls in love with her rapist. Feminists have taken up arms against this picture, and critics have apprehended it inconsistently. The sex scene was most condemned. But, despite the shocking courage, the film serves as an artistic goal. You can say this is the version of "Beauty and the Beast" from maestro Almodovar.
Return / Volver (2006)
Location - La Mancha, native landAlmodovar, where there are mills, reminiscent of Don Quixote. The plot is focused on Raymund (Penelope Cruz) and her sister Soledad (Lola Duenas). One opens the restaurant and hides the corpse of her husband, and the second works in a hairdresser and recruits the ghost of her mother, Irene (Carmen Maura), who returned after death to complete the unfinished business.
Almodovar mixed neorealism with stories aboutghosts, to explore women who are not able to hide skeletons in their cabinets. The picture won many awards; the collective award "Best Actress" at the Cannes Film Festival went directly to six performers.
Women on the verge of a nervous breakdown / Mujeres al borde de un ataque de nervios (1988)
The actress of dubbing Pepa Marcos (Carmen Maura)desperately trying to find the one who threw her lover Ivan (Fernando Guillen). But she faces a series of troubles, including acute gazpacho and Shiite terrorists.
With "Women on the verge of a nervous breakdown" Almodovarstrengthened in the reputation of an extravagant director. The film smoothly merged foreign trends with Spanish motifs, creating a new image in the Spanish cinema. Unfortunately, he is also marked by the departure of Maura, who will return to work with Almodovar in 2006 in the film "Return".
All about my mother / Todo sobre mi madre (1999)
Manuela (Cecilia Roth) is a grieving mother whose sonfatally wounded in an accident. She donates his organs for transplantation and overestimates her conservative lifestyle. Manuela decides to leave Madrid and return to Barcelona to meet the father of the deceased son, who never knew about his existence.
The film won the prize of the Cannes Film Festival for Best Director, as well as the Oscar, Cesar, Golden Globe and BAFTA awards for the best film in a foreign language.
The skin I live in / La piel que habito (2011)
In this science-fiction film, AntonioBanderas plays a talented plastic surgeon-psychopath who develops a new form of human skin, resistant to trauma. And Elena Anaya performs the role of his experimental, which he secretly keeps locked up. After the death of his wife in a car accident, the surgeon begins his sinister experiments.
This work is not similar to other creations of PedroAlmodovar. It is more complicated, because it combines elements of mysticism, horrors, shifts in time, the theme of a mad doctor, a love story and secrets that the viewer has to unravel.
Labyrinth of Passions / Laberinto de pasiones (1982)
Pop star Sexylia (Cecilia Roth) suffersnymphomania and looking for pleasure in orgies. Risa (Imanol Arias) - the Middle Eastern prince gay, who hides in Spain from terrorists and is able to conquer any man. Their unexpected meeting should become a turning point in the fate of both. Sexylia will try to overcome her nymphomania, and Rees will change her orientation to hetero.
In this film Almodovar depicted the progressivethe sexual image of Spain in the early 80's. The underground tone gives the picture a strange sensuality, which will be refined over the years. "Labyrinth of Passion" is one of the best sex comedies of Almodovar.
Matador / Matador (1986)
Former matador Diego Montes (Nacho Martinez) afterinjury can not return to the arena, but sexual pleasure for him is inextricably linked with murder. For lawyer Maria Cardenal (Assumpta Serna), the highest pleasure is also impossible without the death of a partner. Meeting this pair leads to an imminent tragedy.
This provocative picture Almodovar calledone of the two weakest works in his filmography (along with "Kikoy"). But here he presented an interesting image of Spanish culture, rooted in the bloody corrida.
What do I need this for? /? Que he hecho yo para merecer esto? (1984)
Gloria (Carmen Maura) - a woman bogged down in marriagewithout love and domestic difficulties. She lives in a high-rise dormitory in Madrid, along with her husband, a taxi driver who admires an elderly singer, two sons, one of whom sells drugs, and the other sleeps with men, and with an extremely eccentric mother-in-law (Chus Lampreave).
Black comedy "What do I need this for?""- the first international hit and the most social of the films of Almodovar, in which the director examines the frustration of the heroine through the neo-realism lens, studying gender and class problems.
The flower of my secret / La flor de mi secreto (1995)
Leo (Marisa Paredes) writes "pink novels"which publishes under the pseudonym Amanda Gris, but her life is far from as happy as her heroines. Trying to experiment in writing, she creates controversial works and at the same time realizes that her marriage is falling apart.
"The flower of my secret" is a soulful and deeply emotional film that became the beginning of the mature period of Almodovar.
The law of desire / La ley del deseo (1987)
The director and screenwriter Pablo Quintero (EusebioPoncelet) shares the success with Sister Tina (Carmen Maura) and her lover Juan (Miguel Molina). But Pablo is fond of his fan Antonio (Antonio Banderas), which leads to the murder of Juan.
This film is about the love triangle of three menfull of romance, warmth and fire. Maura created a multi-faceted portrait of a transsexual woman with her own ideas about femininity. "The Law of Desire" is the first film produced by the production company El Deseo, which Pedro Almodovar founded with his brother, gaining full control over future projects.
Bad education / La mala educacion (2004)
To the successful director Enrique (Fela Martinez)comes a man who is represented by his schoolmate Ignacio (Gael Garcia Bernal). A longtime friend offers Enrique as a basis for the script story about how in a boarding school he was sexually abused by the Padres. Between them, a mutual attraction grows, but Enrique falls into a stupor, finding out who actually pretends to be his schoolmate.
"Bad education" - the most personal of the director's films. It is obvious that Enrique is in many respects similar to Almodovar and it remains to be only wonder how much the scenario is borrowed from real life.
Talk to her / Hable con ella (2002)
Benigno (Javier Camara) and Marco (DarioGrandinetti) take care of two women in a coma - the dancer Alicia (Leonor Watling) and the toreador Lydia (Rosario Flores). Men talk to them, hoping that they will return to life. But revelations and accusations of rape lead to a break in the relationship between the four characters.
The film collected prestigious film awards, includingnumber "Oscar" for the best original script. He became the greatest achievement of Almodovar, who mixed all his characteristic themes and elements into a masterpiece that was elegant and enthusiastically received by critics.